The entry of the USA into the war changed the dynamics of life at the American embassy in Grosvenor Square. Edith and E. F. Penrose became directly involved in planning the international conferences which would shape the postwar world, including Hot Springs, and dealing with the immediate problems of the end of the war such as the Morgenthau Plan. Edith and E. F. Penrose married in 1944 and Edith bore a son, Trevan, in July 1945. Edith’s brothers Jack and Harvey both had distinguished careers in the US Air Force in North Africa and Italy before Jack was shot down in early 1945. Both Edith and Penrose were directly involved in the creation of the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration which dealt with refugee issues, and in supporting Winant and Eleanor Roosevelt during the formation of the United Nations and the first General Assembly in London in 1946.
Keywords: Hot Springs Conference, formation of the United Nations, Eleanor Roosevelt, John Winant, United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration, first General Assembly, refugee issues, Morgenthau Plan
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