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The Phonetics and Phonology of Geminate Consonants$
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Haruo Kubozono

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198754930

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198754930.001.0001

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Second language learners’ production of geminate consonants in Japanese

Second language learners’ production of geminate consonants in Japanese

(p.163) 7 Second language learners’ production of geminate consonants in Japanese
The Phonetics and Phonology of Geminate Consonants

Yukari Hirata

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines whether learners of Japanese at an intermediate level make progress in accurately producing singleton and geminate stops after being immersed in Japan without specific training. Seven learners of Japanese, with two years of classroom instruction in the USA, recorded words such as [kako] and [kakːo] in a carrier sentence at three speaking rates before and after a four-month study-abroad experience in Japan. Duration of various segments was analysed, and the singleton and geminate boundary ratio of native Japanese speakers was used to determine learners’ production accuracy. Results indicated that the learners did make a singleton/geminate distinction, but their production accuracy showed limited improvement. The results suggest continuing difficulty in the mastery of native-level durational control.

Keywords:   production accuracy, singleton, geminate, stops, boundary ratio

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