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Unified Patent Protection in Europe: A Commentary

Winfried Tilmann and Clemens Plassmann

Abstract

The creation of the Unified Patent Court (UPC) is the most prominent change in the European legal landscape for the last four decades. This book explains how the new system works in practice and how to make the best use of its provisions. It offers readers an in-depth and comprehensive commentary on the legal mechanisms of the upcoming ratified European Patent Law, and advice on potential problems that users of the forthcoming regulations may face. The book first describes the creation of the Unified European Patent Law and how its four new legislative texts interact. The new legislative texts ... More

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2018 Print ISBN-13: 9780198755463
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2021 DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198755463.001.0001

Authors

Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Winfried Tilmann, editor

Clemens Plassmann, editor

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Contents

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Recitals

Winfried Tilmann

Chapter I General Provisions

Article 1 Subject matter

Winfried Tilmann

Article 2 Definitions

Winfried Tilmann

Article 4 Date of effect

Winfried Tilmann

Chapter II Effects of a European Patent With Unitary Effect

Article 5 Uniform protection

Winfried Tilmann

Chapter III A European Patent With Unitary Effect as an Object of Property

Article 8 Licences of right

Winfried Tilmann

Chapter IV Institutional Provisions

Chapter V Financial Provisions

Article 11 Renewal fees

Winfried Tilmann

Article 13 Distribution

Winfried Tilmann

Chapter VI Final Provisions

Recitals

Christoph Keussen

Articles of the Regulation

Article 1 Subject matter

Christoph Keussen

Article 2 Definitions

Christoph Keussen

Article 7 Entry into force

Christoph Keussen

Agreement on a Unified Patent Court

Introduction

Winfried Tilmann

Preamble/Recitals

Winfried Tilmann

Article 2 Definitions

Winfried Tilmann

Article 4 Legal status

Winfried Tilmann

Article 5 Liability

Winfried Tilmann

Chapter II Institutional Provisions

Article 6 The Court

Tilmann Büttner

Article 10 The Registry

Tilmann Büttner

Article 11 Committees

Tilmann Büttner

Chapter III Judges of the Court

Article 18 Pool of Judges

Tilmann Büttner

Chapter IV The Primacy of Union Law, Liability and Responsibility of the Contracting Member States

Chapter V Sources of Law and Substantive Law

Article 24 Sources of law

Winfried Tilmann

Chapter VI International Jurisdiction and Competence

Article 31 International jurisdiction

Winfried Tilmann and Tilmann Büttner

Article 32 Competence of the Court

Winfried Tilmann and Tilmann Büttner

Article 34 Territorial scope of decisions

Andreas von Falck and Stephan Dorn

Chapter VII Patent Mediation and Arbitration

Part II Financial Provisions

Article 40 Statute

Winfried Tilmann

Article 43 Case management

Winfried Tilmann

Article 46 Legal capacity

Winfried Tilmann

Article 47 Parties

Winfried Tilmann

Article 48 Representation

Winfried Tilmann

Chapter II Language of Proceedings

Article 51 Other language arrangements

Christoph Keussen and Winfried Tilmann

Chapter III Proceedings Before the Court

Article 52 Written, interim and oral procedures

Andreas von Falck and Stephan Dorn

Article 53 Means of evidence

Andreas von Falck and Stephan Dorn

Chapter IV Powers of the Court

Article 57 Court experts

Winfried Tilmann

Article 61 Freezing orders

Winfried Tilmann

Article 65 Decision on the validity of a patent

Martin Faehndrich, Alexander Klicznik, and Max Tilmann

Article 68 Award of damages

Winfried Tilmann

Article 69 Legal costs

Winfried Tilmann and Dennis Dold

Article 70 Court fees

Winfried Tilmann and Dennis Dold

Article 71 Legal aid

Miriam Gundt

Chapter V Appeals

Article 73 Appeal

Peter Tochtermann

Chapter VI Decisions

Article 76 Basis for decisions and right to be heard

Andreas von Falck and Christian Stoll

Article 77 Formal Requirements

Andreas von Falck and Christian Stoll

Article 78 Decisions of the Court and dissenting opinions

Andreas von Falck and Christian Stoll

Article 79 Settlement

Andreas von Falck and Christian Stoll

Article 80 Publication of decisions

Andreas von Falck and Christian Stoll

Article 81 Rehearing

Winfried Tilmann and Stephan Dorn

Article 82 Enforcement of decisions and orders

Andreas von Falck and Christian Stoll

Part IV Transitional Provisions

Part V Final Provisions

Article 87 Revision

Winfried Tilmann

Article 89 Entry into force

Peter Tochtermann

Statute of the Unified Patent Court (UPC Statute)

Article 1 Scope of the Statute

Peter Tochtermann

Chapter 1 Judges

Article 6 Oath

Peter Tochtermann

Article 7 Impartiality

Peter Tochtermann

Article 8 Immunity of judges

Peter Tochtermann

Article 9 End of duties

Peter Tochtermann

Article 10 Removal from office

Peter Tochtermann

Article 11 Training

Peter Tochtermann

Article 12 Remuneration

Peter Tochtermann

Article 15 Presidium

Peter Tochtermann

Article 16 Staff

Peter Tochtermann

Judicial vacations

Peter Tochtermann

Section 2 The Court of First Instance

Article 19 Panels

Peter Tochtermann

Article 20 Pool of Judges

Peter Tochtermann

Section 3 The Court of Appeal

Article 21 Panels

Peter Tochtermann

Section 4 The Registry

Chapter III Financial Provisions

Article 26 Budget

Peter Tochtermann

Article 29 Accounting period

Peter Tochtermann

Article 31 Provisional budget

Peter Tochtermann

Chapter IV Procedural Provisions

Article 35 Decisions

Peter Tochtermann

Article 36 Dissenting opinions

Peter Tochtermann

Article 37 Decision by default

Peter Tochtermann

Rules of Procedure of the Unified Patent Court (UPCARoP)

Preamble

Winfried Tilmann

Application and Interpretation of the Rules of Procedure

Rule 4 Lodging of documents

Winfried Tilmann

Rule 9 Powers of the Court

Winfried Tilmann

Part 1 Procedures Before the Court of First Instance

Rule 11 Settlement

Peter Tochtermann

Rule 12 Exchange of written pleadings (infringement action)

Clemens Plassmann and Steffen Steininger

Rule 13 Contents of the Statement of claim

Clemens Plassmann and Steffen Steininger

Rule 15 Fee for the infringement action

Clemens Plassmann and Steffen Steininger

Rule 18 Designation of the judge-rapporteur

Clemens Plassmann and Steffen Steininger

Rule 19 Preliminary objection

Clemens Plassmann and Steffen Steininger

Rule 20 Decision or order on a Preliminary objection

Clemens Plassmann and Steffen Steininger

Rule 23 Lodging of the Statement of defence

Clemens Plassmann and Steffen Steininger

Rule 24 Contents of the Statement of defence

Clemens Plassmann and Steffen Steininger

Rule 25 Counterclaim for revocation

Clemens Plassmann and Steffen Steininger

Rule 28 Further schedule

Clemens Plassmann and Steffen Steininger

Rule 29A: Contents of the Defence to the Counterclaim

Clemens Plassmann and Steffen Steininger

Rule 30 Application to amend the patent

Clemens Plassmann and Stephan Dorn

Rule 35 Closure of the written procedure

Clemens Plassmann and Steffen Steininger

Rule 36 Further exchanges of written pleadings

Clemens Plassmann and Steffen Steininger

Section 2 Revocation Action

Rule 42 Action to be directed against the patent proprietor

Martin Faehndrich, Alexander Klicznik, and Max Tilmann

Rule 43 Exchange of written pleadings (revocation action)

Martin Faehndrich, Alexander Klicznik, and Max Tilmann

Rule 44 Contents of the Statement for revocation

Martin Faehndrich, Alexander Klicznik, and Max Tilmann

Rule 45 Language of the Statement for revocation

Martin Faehndrich, Alexander Klicznik, and Max Tilmann

Rule 48 Preliminary objection

Clemens Plassmann and Steffen Steininger

Rule 49 Lodging of the Defence to revocation

Martin Faehndrich, Alexander Klicznik, and Max Tilmann

Rule 50 Contents of the Defence to revocation and Counterclaim for infringement

Martin Faehndrich, Alexander Klicznik, and Max Tilmann

Rule 51 Reply to Defence to revocation

Martin Faehndrich, Alexander Klicznik, and Max Tilmann

Rule 52 Rejoinder to the Reply

Martin Faehndrich, Alexander Klicznik, and Max Tilmann

Rule 56: Lodging of the Defence to the Counterclaim for infringement

Martin Faehndrich, Alexander Klicznik, and Max Tilmann

Rule 57: Request for allocating a technically qualified judge

Clemens Plassmann and Steffen Steininger

Section 3 Action for Declaration of Non-infringement

Rule 61: Declaration of non-infringement

Andreas von Falck and Stephan Dorn

Rule 66: Preliminary objection

Andreas von Falck and Stephan Dorn

Rule 72: Request for allocating a technically qualified judge

Clemens Plassmann and Steffen Steininger

Section 4 Actions Within Article 33(5) and (6) of the Agreement

Section 5 Action for Compensation for Licences on the Basis of Article 8 of Regulation (EU) NO 1257/2012

Rule 80: Compensation for a licence of right

Clemens Plassmann and Markus Kuczera

Section 6 Action Against Decisions of the European Patent Office in Carrying Out the Tasks Referred to in Article 9 of Regulation (EU) NO 1257/2012

Rule 98: Costs

Markus Kuczera

Chapter 2 Interim Procedure

Rule 102 Referral to the panel

Peter Tochtermann

Chapter 3 Oral Procedure

Rule 115 The oral hearing

Peter Tochtermann

Chapter 4 Procedure for the Determination of Damages and Compensation

Section 1 Application for the Determination of Damages

Section 2 Request to Lay Open Books

Rule 143 Further procedure

Steffen Steininger

Chapter 5 Procedure For Cost Decision

Rule 150 Separate proceedings for cost decision

Clemens Plassmann and Dennis Dold

Rule 151 Start of proceedings for cost decision

Clemens Plassmann and Dennis Dold

Rule 152 Compensation for representation costs

Clemens Plassmann and Dennis Dold

Rule 153 Compensation for costs of experts

Clemens Plassmann and Dennis Dold

Rule 154 Compensation for costs of witnesses

Clemens Plassmann and Dennis Dold

Rule 156 Further procedure

Clemens Plassmann and Dennis Dold

Rule 157 Appeal against the cost decision

Clemens Plassmann and Dennis Dold

Chapter 6 Security For Costs

Part 2 Evidence

Hans-Jürgen Ahrens

Rule 171 Offering of evidence

Hans-Jürgen Ahrens

Rule 172 Duty to produce evidence

Hans-Jürgen Ahrens

Chapter 1 Witnesses and Experts of The Parties

Rule 178 Hearing of witnesses

Hans-Jürgen Ahrens

Rule 179 Duties of witnesses

Hans-Jürgen Ahrens

Rule 181 Experts of the parties

Hans-Jürgen Ahrens

Chapter 2 Court Experts

Rule 186 Duties of a court expert

Hans-Jürgen Ahrens

Rule 187 Expert report

Hans-Jürgen Ahrens

Chapter 3 Order To Produce Evidence and To Communicate Information

Chapter 4 Order To Preserve Evidence (Saisie) and Order For Inspection

Rule 195 Oral hearing

Hans-Jürgen Ahrens

Rule 199 Order for inspection

Hans-Jürgen Ahrens

Chapter 5 Other Evidence

Rule 200 Order to freeze assets

Hans-Jürgen Ahrens

Rule 202 Letters rogatory

Hans-Jürgen Ahrens

Part 3 Provisional Measures

Rule 207 Protective letter

Andreas von Falck and Stephan Dorn

Rule 210 Oral hearing

Andreas von Falck and Stephan Dorn

Rule 213 Revocation of provisional measures

Andreas von Falck and Stephan Dorn

Part 4 Procedures Before The Court of Appeal

Rule 228 Fee for the appeal

Clemens Plassmann

Rule 232 Translation of file

Tilmann Büttner

Section 2 Statement of Response

Section 3 Reply To A Statement of Cross-Appeal

Section 4 Referral To The Full Court

Rule 238A Decision to refer

Tilmann Büttner

Chapter 2 Interim Procedure

Chapter 3 Oral Procedure

Chapter 4 Decisions and Effect of Decisions

Rule 243 Referral back

Tilmann Büttner

Chapter 5 Procedure for Application for Rehearing

Rule 252 Suspensive effect

Winfried Tilmann

Rule 260 Examination by the Registry of its own motion

Andreas von Falck and Christian Stoll

Rule 261 Date of pleadings

Andreas von Falck and Christian Stoll

Rule 262 Public access to the register

Andreas von Falck and Christian Stoll

Rule 263 Leave to change claim or amend case

Andreas von Falck and Christian Stoll

Rule 264 An opportunity to be heard

Andreas von Falck and Christian Stoll

Rule 265 Withdrawal

Andreas von Falck and Christian Stoll

Rule 267 Actions pursuant to Article 22 of the Agreement

Andreas von Falck and Christian Stoll

Rule 270 Scope of this Section

Andreas von Falck and Christian Stoll

Rule 271 Service of the Statement of claim

Andreas von Falck and Christian Stoll

Section 2 Service Outside The Contracting Member States

Rule 273 Scope of this Section

Andreas von Falck and Christian Stoll

Rule 274 Service outside the Contracting Member States

Andreas von Falck and Christian Stoll

Section 3 Service By An Alternative Method

Section 4 Service of Orders, Decisions and Written Pleadings

Rule 276 Service of orders and decisions

Andreas von Falck and Christian Stoll

Rule 277 Decision by default under Part 5, Chapter 11

Andreas von Falck and Christian Stoll

Rule 278 Service of written pleadings and other documents

Andreas von Falck and Christian Stoll

Rule 279 Change of electronic address for service

Andreas von Falck and Christian Stoll

Chapter 3 Rights and Obligations of Representatives

Rule 285 Powers of attorney

Winfried Tilmann

Chapter 4 Stay of Proceedings

Rule 295 Stay of proceedings

Clemens Plassmann and Stephan Dorn

Rule 296 Duration and effects of a stay of proceedings

Clemens Plassmann and Stephan Dorn

Rule 297 Resumption of proceedings

Clemens Plassmann and Stephan Dorn

Chapter 5 Time Periods

Rule 300 Calculation of periods

Clemens Plassmann and Stephan Dorn

Rule 301 Automatic extension of periods

Clemens Plassmann and Stephan Dorn

Rule 302 Plurality of claimants or patents

Clemens Plassmann and Stephan Dorn

Rule 303 Plurality of defendants

Clemens Plassmann and Stephan Dorn

Section 2 Change In Parties

Rule 305 Change in parties

Clemens Plassmann and Stephan Dorn

Rule 306 Consequences for the proceedings

Clemens Plassmann and Stephan Dorn

Section 3 Death, Demise Or Insolvency of A Party

Rule 310 Death or demise of a party

Clemens Plassmann and Stephan Dorn

Rule 311 Insolvency of a party

Clemens Plassmann and Stephan Dorn

Section 4 Transfer of Patent

Section 5 Intervention

Rule 313 Application to intervene

Clemens Plassmann and Stephan Dorn

Rule 314 Order on Application to intervene

Clemens Plassmann and Stephan Dorn

Rule 315 Statement in intervention

Clemens Plassmann and Stephan Dorn

Rule 316 Invitation to intervene

Clemens Plassmann and Stephan Dorn

Rule 316A Forced intervention

Clemens Plassmann and Stephan Dorn

Section 6 Re-Establishment of Rights

Rule 320 Re-establishment of rights

Clemens Plassmann and Stephan Dorn

Chapter 7 Miscellaneous Provisions On Languages

Chapter 8 Case Management

Rule 331 Responsibility for case management

Martin Chakraborty and Verena Dormann

Rule 332 General principles of case management

Martin Chakraborty and Verena Dormann

Rule 333 Review of case management orders

Martin Chakraborty and Verena Dormann

Rule 334 Case management powers

Martin Chakraborty and Verena Dormann

Rule 335 Varying or revoking orders

Martin Chakraborty and Verena Dormann

Rule 336 Exercise of case management powers

Martin Chakraborty and Verena Dormann

Rule 337 Orders of the Court’s own motion

Martin Chakraborty and Verena Dormann

Rule 340 Connection Joinder

Martin Chakraborty and Verena Dormann

Chapter 9 Rules Relating To The Organisation of The Court

Rule 341 Precedence

Martin Chakraborty and Verena Dormann

Rule 342 Dates, times and place of the sittings of the Court

Martin Chakraborty and Verena Dormann

Rule 343 Order in which actions are to be dealt with

Martin Chakraborty and Verena Dormann

Rule 344 Deliberations

Martin Chakraborty and Verena Dormann

Rule 345 Composition of panels and assignment of actions

Martin Chakraborty and Verena Dormann

Rule 346 Application of Article 7 of the Statute

Martin Chakraborty and Verena Dormann

Chapter 10 Decisions and Orders

Rule 350 Decisions

Martin Chakraborty and Verena Dormann

Rule 351 Orders

Martin Chakraborty and Verena Dormann

Rule 353 Rectification of decisions and orders

Martin Chakraborty and Verena Dormann

Rule 354 Enforcement

Martin Chakraborty and Verena Dormann

Chapter 11 Decision By Default

Rule 355 Decision by default (Court of First Instance)

Martin Chakraborty and Verena Dormann

Rule 356 Application to set aside a decision by default

Martin Chakraborty and Verena Dormann

Rule 357 Decision by default (Court of Appeal)

Martin Chakraborty and Verena Dormann

Chapter 12 Actions Bound To Fail Or Manifestly Inadmissible

Rule 360 No need to adjudicate

Martin Chakraborty and Verena Dormann

Rule 361 Action manifestly bound to fail

Martin Chakraborty and Verena Dormann

Rule 362 Absolute bar to proceeding with an action

Martin Chakraborty and Verena Dormann

Rule 363 Orders dismissing manifestly inadmissible claims

Martin Chakraborty and Verena Dormann

Chapter 13 Settlement

Part 6 Fees and Legal A Id

Rule 370 Court fees

Winfried Tilmann

Legal Aid

Rule 375 Aim and scope

Miriam Gundt

Rule 381 Appeal

Miriam Gundt

Rule 382 Recovery

Clemens Plassmann

End Matter

Appendix 1: Protocol to the Agreement on a Unified Patent Court on provisional application

Appendix 2: Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property

Appendix 3 Convention on the Unification of Certain Points of Substantive Law on Patents for Invention

Appendix 4 Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPs)

Appendix 5 Directive 2004/48/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 on the enforcement of intellectual property rights (Enforcement Dir)

Appendix 6 Directive 98/44/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 July 1998 on the legal protection of biotechnological inventions

Appendix 7 Regulation (EU) No 608/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council (Customs IP Reg)

Appendix 8 Regulation (EC) No 469/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 May 2009

Appendix 9 Regulation (EU) No 1215/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 December 2012 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (recast)amended by Regulation (EU) No 542/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 May 2014

Appendix 10 Council Regulation (EC) No 1206/2001 of 28 May 2001 on cooperation between the courts of the Member States in the taking of evidence in civil or commercial matters

Appendix 11 Regulation (EC) No 1393/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council

Appendix 12 European Patent Convention

Appendix 13 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties

Appendix 14 Protocol on Privileges and Immunities of the Unified Patent Court

Index