This chapter argues that attention is that in virtue of which one does not merely live in the present, but is also aware of the past and is situated in a social world with others. So a basic kind of attention is past-directed and autonoetic: it is placed on past events whose properties are retrieved in an act of simulated reliving. In episodic memory, the reliving of experience from one’s personal past, one attends to the past in a particular way but there is no reduction of the phenomenology of temporal experience to the representation of oneself as in the past.
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