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NormativityEpistemic and Practical$
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Conor McHugh, Jonathan Way, and Daniel Whiting

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198758709

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198758709.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 24 September 2021

How Reasons Are Sensitive to Available Evidence

How Reasons Are Sensitive to Available Evidence

Chapter:
(p.90) 5 How Reasons Are Sensitive to Available Evidence
Source:
Normativity
Author(s):

Benjamin Kiesewetter

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198758709.003.0006

This chapter develops a theory of how claims about an agent’s normative reasons are sensitive to the epistemic circumstances of this agent, which preserves the plausible ideas that reasons are facts and that reasons can be discovered in deliberation and disclosed in advice. It argues that a plausible theory of this kind must take into account the difference between synchronic and diachronic reasons, i.e. reasons for acting immediately and reasons for acting at some later point in time. The chapter provides a general account of the relation between synchronic and diachronic reasons, demonstrates its implications for the evidence-sensitivity of reasons, and finally presents and defends an argument for the theory that has been developed.

Keywords:   reasons, ought, deliberation, synchronic reasons, diachronic reasons, perspective-dependence

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