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The Development of Latin Clause StructureA Study of the Extended Verb Phrase$
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Lieven Danckaert

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198759522

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198759522.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 19 January 2022

The development of BE-periphrases

The development of BE-periphrases

(p.269) 6 The development of BE-periphrases
The Development of Latin Clause Structure

Lieven Danckaert

Oxford University Press

The sixth and final chapter of this book deals with word order in Latin BE-periphrases. It is first shown that the unexpected Late Latin preference for the head-final order ‘past participle–esse’ is not observed in every single environment, but only in the case of so-called ‘E-periphrases’, which display a mismatch between the tense of the BE-auxiliary in isolation and the tense of the entire periphrastic expression. In contrast, structures which lack this tense mismatch (‘F-periphrases’) can be shown to behave very differently. Next, the diachronic development of these two types of BE-periphrases is discussed, and it is suggested that in the light of the Late Latin corpus data, some received wisdom about the origins of the Romance present tense passive needs to be reconsidered. Finally, a prosodic account is proposed of the unexpected word order behaviour of Late Latin E-periphrases.

Keywords:   passive, deponent, be-periphrasis, tense, perfectivity, word order, prosody, extrametricality, past participle

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