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A Theory of International Organization$
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Liesbet Hooghe, Tobias Lenz, and Gary Marks

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780198766988

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198766988.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 24 July 2021

The Basic Set-Up

The Basic Set-Up

How International Organizations Vary

(p.44) 4 The Basic Set-Up
A Theory of International Organization

Liesbet Hooghe

Tobias Lenz

Gary Marks

Oxford University Press

Chapter 4 explains the basic set-up of an IO—its membership, contract, and policy portfolio. It conceives the basic set-up as resulting from the tension between the functional benefits of providing public goods at an international scale and the preference of exclusive communities for self-rule. The theory expects international organization to be bimodal. General purpose IOs build on transnational community to contract cooperation as an open-ended venture among peoples. Task-specific IOs contract cooperation narrowly so that states, no matter how diverse, can come together to problem-solve in a targeted way. General purpose and task-specific IOs relate to their constituencies differently, and this shapes the scale of their membership, their openness to membership growth, and the breadth and dynamism of their policy portfolios.

Keywords:   IO, international organization, IO contract, community, transnationalism, general purpose, task-specific

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