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'Black but Human' – Slavery and Visual Arts in Hapsburg Spain, 1480-1700 - Oxford Scholarship Online
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'Black but Human': Slavery and Visual Arts in Hapsburg Spain, 1480-1700

Carmen Fracchia


The African presence in imperial Spain, of between 10-15 per cent of the population, was due to the institutionalization of the transatlantic slave trade that brought between seven- to eight hundred thousand Africans as slaves to Spain and Portugal. If we add those slaves born in these European territories and the three to four hundred thousand Moor, Berber and Turk slaves, there were approximately two million slaves living in the Iberian Peninsula during this period. The Afro-Hispanic proverb ‘Black but Human’ that provides part of the book’s title, serves as a lens through which to explore t ... More

Keywords: Slavery, African, Black, Spain, Empire, Diego Velázquez, Juan de Pareja, Visual Arts, Portraiture, Hapsburg

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2019 Print ISBN-13: 9780198767978
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2019 DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198767978.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Carmen Fracchia, author
Reader in Hispanic Art History, Birkbeck, University of London