War Criminals Return to Japan
Days before Dutch sovereignty ended in the islands on December 27, 1949, those Japanese war criminals still serving prison sentences in the Netherlands East Indies were transferred to Japan, where they were to serve out their terms of imprisonment. This chapter discusses how the Dutch authorities arranged for the transfer of more than 600 convicted war criminals to Japan, and how these men fared back on Japanese soil. The Dutch had hoped that the Japanese who had been convicted would complete their sentences in Japan. This was not to be: The American occupation authorities immediately implemented a policy of clemency, with the result that every Japanese war criminal transferred from the NEI to Japan was free by 1958.
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