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Military Trials of War Criminals in the Netherlands East Indies 1946-1949$
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Fred L. Borch

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198777168

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198777168.001.0001

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Trials for Mass Murder and Unlawful Executions

Trials for Mass Murder and Unlawful Executions

(p.100) 6 Trials for Mass Murder and Unlawful Executions
Military Trials of War Criminals in the Netherlands East Indies 1946-1949

Fred L. Borch

Oxford University Press

Temporary courts-martial heard evidence of “mass murder” and “unlawful executions” carried out by the Japanese during the occupation. The murders were either in retaliation for general resistance to their authority or else because “military necessity” required it. As for unlawful executions, the gist of this offense was that the accused had killed (or had ordered his subordinates to kill) one or more citizens for some alleged crime or misconduct, but that the execution had occurred without any regularly constituted trial or hearing to determine guilt or innocence. This chapter looks at representative cases in both categories. It also looks at the so-called “Haga Plot” and the “Overakker Plot,” in which prominent Dutch officials were executed for their involvement in so-called “anti-Japanese activities.”

Keywords:   Haga Plot, Overakker Plot, mass murder, unlawful executions, Kempeitai, war crimes

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