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Military Trials of War Criminals in the Netherlands East Indies 1946-1949$
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Fred L. Borch

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198777168

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198777168.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 14 May 2021

Trials for Forced Prostitution

Trials for Forced Prostitution

(p.128) 7 Trials for Forced Prostitution
Military Trials of War Criminals in the Netherlands East Indies 1946-1949

Fred L. Borch

Oxford University Press

For the first time in legal history, the Dutch prosecuted forced prostitution (also called “enforced prostitution”) as a war crime. They were the only Allied Power to prosecute the offense at a military tribunal. Consequently, their efforts to punish sexual violence against women and girls, especially in the “Semarang forced prostitution affair,” are important in the evolution of the law of armed conflict. This chapter explores how the Japanese forced European civilian girls and women in internment camps to work as prostitutes (“comfort women”) in brothels licensed by the Japanese military. It also examines recent efforts to obtain redress for the victims of Japanese sexual slavery.

Keywords:   forced prostitution, enforced prostitution, sexual violence, sexual slavery, comfort women, Japanese brothels, rape, Japanese military sexual slavery, “Semarang forced prostitution affair”

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