This chapter demonstrates the significant decline in the incidence of genocide and mass atrocities in East Asia. It shows how, and why, the region’s most significant atrocities were brought to an end and demonstrates that the East Asian experience was not simply a symptom of global trends in the incidence of violence. The first section provides a detailed account of the decline of mass atrocities in East Asia. The second section briefly examines how this account corresponds with the evidence from various other research programs that track patterns of violent conflict in East Asia. The third part explains how mass atrocities in East Asia were terminated, highlighting the individual decisions that produced the cumulative effect. The final part contrasts East Asia’s experience with global trends in order to demonstrate the region’s distinctiveness and show that the decline of mass atrocities there was not simply a manifestation of broader global trends.
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