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East Asia's Other MiracleExplaining the Decline of Mass Atrocities$
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Alex J. Bellamy

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198777939

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198777939.001.0001

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The Developmental Trading State

The Developmental Trading State

(p.115) 4 The Developmental Trading State
East Asia's Other Miracle

Alex J. Bellamy

Oxford University Press

This chapter demonstrates that the downwards pressure that state consolidation placed on mass violence was amplified by the type of state that emerged. Across East Asia, governments came to define themselves as “developmental” or “trading” states whose principal purpose was to grow the national economy and thereby improve the economic wellbeing of their citizens. Governments with different ideologies came to embrace economic growth and growing the prosperity of their populations as the principal function of the state and its core source of legitimacy. Despite some significant glitches along the way the adoption of the developmental trading state model has proven successful. Not only have East Asian governments succeeded in lifting hundreds of millions of people out of poverty, the practices and policy orientations dictated by this model helped shift governments and societies away from belligerent practices towards postures that prioritized peace and stability. This reinforced the trend towards greater peacefulness.

Keywords:   economic, development, trade, interdependence, violence, East Asia

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