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East Asia's Other MiracleExplaining the Decline of Mass Atrocities$
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Alex J. Bellamy

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198777939

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198777939.001.0001

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At the Crossroads

At the Crossroads


(p.236) 8 At the Crossroads
East Asia's Other Miracle

Alex J. Bellamy

Oxford University Press

This chapter suggests that military government became entrenched in Myanmar as a response to the conditions of the country’s birth and the failure of civilian government to consolidate. Over time, the military emerged as the only institution capable of holding the country together in the face of numerous armed threats to its very existence. The chapter explores why the regime chose to reform itself in the second decade of the twenty-first century, as a result of increasing domestic illegitimacy and dependence on China and the leadership’s recognition that it could either stage a managed and orderly transition or face a popular revolution in the future. The transition was facilitated by astute leaders, Western engagement, and the effects of economic reform.

Keywords:   Myanmar, military, secession, insurgency, protest

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