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On What MattersVolume Three$
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Derek Parfit

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198778608

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198778608.001.0001

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What Matters and Universal Reasons

What Matters and Universal Reasons

(p.315) 53 What Matters and Universal Reasons
On What Matters

Derek Parfit

Oxford University Press

This chapter takes a look at the Any-All Thesis. Regarding the argument that some of our reasons are purely personal in the sense that no one else has any such corresponding impartial reasons, this chapter contends that, as the Any-All Thesis claims, there are no such purely personal reasons. We have no reason to try to achieve some aim if this aim's achievement would not be in any way good. When we have some aim whose achievement would be in some way good, everyone has a weak impartial reason to want us to achieve this aim. In addition, this chapter considers some plausible counterexamples to the Any-All Thesis. It shows how, if we can defend this thesis, we can be Universalists about what matters.

Keywords:   Any-All Thesis, universal reasons, what matters, universalism, reason, personal reasons, aim, achievement

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