- Title Pages
- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- 1 Why Study Bundles of Reforms?
- 2 To Reform or Not to Reform?
- 3 The Changes to Core Democratic Rules in Western Europe, 1990–2010
- 4 Disentangling the Long- and Short-Term Determinants of the Reforms of Core Democratic Rules
- 5 The Mechanisms of Institutional Reforms in Action
- 6 You Win Some, You Lose Some
- 7 An Unexpected Journey
- 8 Bundling the Bundles
- 9 Conclusion
- Appendix 1 Complete List of the Reforms of Core Democratic Rules Adopted in the Eighteen Western European Democracies, 1990–2010
- Appendix 2 Detailed Criteria of the Classification of Reforms in the Function of their Scope (Substantial vs. Minor)
- Appendix 3 Detailed Criteria of the Classification of Reforms in the Function of Their Direction (Inclusive vs. Exclusive)
- Appendix 4 Explanatory Variables for the Descriptive Models on Long-Term Determinants of Reform
- Appendix 5 Summary of the Spread of the Explanatory Variables for the Descriptive Models on Long-Term Determinants of Reform
- Appendix 6 Explanatory and Control Variables for Models 1 to 6
- Appendix 7 Actual Distribution of the Total Number of Reforms Adopted by Legislature Compared to the Poisson and the Negative Binomial Distribution
- Appendix 8 Determinants of the Number of Institutional Reforms Adopted by Legislature in Western Europe (1990–2010), Omitting One Dimension
- Appendix 9 Determinants of the Number of Substantial Institutional Reforms Adopted by Legislature in Western Europe (1990–2010)
- Appendix 10 Methodology of the Case Studies
- Appendix 11 Main Institutional Reforms Promised in the Manifestos of the Major Irish Parties, 2011
- (p.242) 9 Conclusion
- Reforming Democracy
- Oxford University Press
The Conclusion discusses the contribution of the book on four issues: the description of the reforms of core democratic rules that occurred in Western Europe from 1990 to 2010; the short- and long-term determinants influencing the occurrence of reform; the dynamics of emergence of bundles of reforms; and finally, the link between the nature of the reform at stake, the process of reform, and the final outcome of a given proposal. Drawing from three case studies, the Conclusion presents a typology of six configurations of reform according to their divisive or consensual character and the type of process (majoritarian, supermajoritarian, and externalized). The findings drawn from the Irish, French, and Italian examples can be applied to a much wider set of reforms and countries, including for instance the outcomes of citizen assemblies or current attempts to modify the constitutional design in several Western European countries.
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