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Modern Thermodynamics for Chemists and Biochemists$
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Dennis Sherwood and Paul Dalby

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198782957

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198782957.001.0001

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Order, information and time

Order, information and time

(p.332) 11 Order, information and time
Modern Thermodynamics for Chemists and Biochemists

Dennis Sherwood

Paul Dalby

Oxford University Press

This chapter broadens the reader’s appreciation, and understanding, of entropy. Starting with the reader’s intrinsic recognition of the difference between an ‘ordered’ and a ‘disordered’ state, this chapter introduces the concepts of microstates, macrostates and thermodynamic probability, leading firstly to the Boltzmann equation, and then to the relationships between entropy and the flow of time, entropy and information, and Maxwell’s demon. Finally, this chapter introduces the less familiar topics of ‘thermoeconomics’ - the application of the principles of thermodynamics to economic systems – and ‘organodynamics’ – the idea that high-performing teams are systems which maintain a high degree of order, and low entropy, over time, without breaking the Second Law.

Keywords:   order, disorder, microstate, macrostate, Boltzmann equation, thermodynamic probability, Maxwell’s demon, information, Hartley entropy, time, thermoeconomics, organodynamics

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