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The Marketization of Employment ServicesThe Dilemmas of Europe's Work-first Welfare States$
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Ian Greer, Karen N. Breidahl, Matthias Knuth, and Flemming Larsen

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198785446

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198785446.001.0001

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Employment-Services Sectors under Resource Scarcity and Uncertainty

Employment-Services Sectors under Resource Scarcity and Uncertainty

(p.83) 4 Employment-Services Sectors under Resource Scarcity and Uncertainty
The Marketization of Employment Services

Ian Greer

Karen Breidahl

Matthias Knuth

Flemming Larsen

Oxford University Press

Providers of employment services are deeply affected by marketization, because it shapes the uncertainty and resource scarcity that they face. This chapter introduces these dynamics at the sector level, in showing how uncertainty and the resource squeeze configure power relations. It can affect the relative power of the purchaser over the provider. In Britain funding tends to empower large providers while in Denmark and Germany it tends to subordinate it to the funder. It can also affect power relations within the sector. British funding arrangements give large prime contractors a powerful position over their subcontractors (including non-profit and municipal agencies, while Germany and Denmark have fragmented employment-services sectors without a clear hierarchy.

Keywords:   employment-services providers, power relations, uncertainty, resource scarcity, for-profit providers, non-profit providers, voluntary sector, subcontracting

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