Detecting animals is a key aspect of drone usage for conservation purposes. This chapter provides an overview of how drones have been used to detect animals and in some cases have been used to derive animal distribution and density. We provide several examples of studies that compared animal counts from traditional survey methods and drone surveys. To protect animals, drones have also been used in anti-poaching efforts and we discuss how drones can assist such efforts and provide examples of studies on drones and anti-poaching. As with other survey methods drones can also disturb animals. We discuss studies that have examined this issue and provide some recommendations based on those.
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