This chapter looks in depth into the Soviet hippie belief system, while, at the same time, noting the absence of a unified ideology, whose very existence hippies rejected for themselves. It begins with an exploration of the indebtedness of hippie beliefs to the rituals and practices of official Soviet youth culture, highlighting both similarities and differences to Western hippie thought. It then proceeds to discuss common hippie tropes such as freedom, love, peace, and generational conflict with reference to the Soviet case, concluding that there was a lot of ideological overlap between the fundamental messages of communist socialization and the global hippie creed, which indeed had its very roots in the same left-wing, utopian thinking as early Soviet revolutionary ideas. While this ‘boomerang’ effect of radical, communitarian thinking unsettled the Soviet authorities, it also meant that Soviet hippies remained true to their socialist upbringing and world view shaped by late socialism in the very rebellion they staged against the system.
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