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Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Diseasespathogen control and public health management in low-income countries$
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Benjamin Roche, Hélène Broutin, and Frédéric Simard

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198789833

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198789833.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 28 September 2020

Exploiting symbiotic interactions for vector/disease control

Exploiting symbiotic interactions for vector/disease control

(p.163) Chapter 11 Exploiting symbiotic interactions for vector/disease control
Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Diseases

Patrick Mavingui

Claire Valiente Mor

Pablo Tortosa

Oxford University Press

Arthropods transmit a variety of diseases to humans and animals, including arboviruses, bacteria and parasites. No efficient treatments or control methods are available for many vector-borne diseases, especially for emerging diseases. Therefore, the development of alternative strategies aiming at controlling disease transmission is encouraged worldwide. Although transmission phenomenon is a result of complex interactions involving several actors evolving in a changing environment, the biotic relationship between pathogens and their vectors represents a key step in successful disease transmission. Recent studies highlighted a strong impact of microbiomes on the life-history traits of arthropod hosts. This chapter emphasizes those biotic interactions having an impact on adaptive traits influencing disease transmission. Evidence in behavioral alterations of vector populations/individuals with relevance to vector-pathogen transmission mitigation is reviewed. Opportunities to take advantage of such biotic processes in the control of vector-borne diseases in different epidemiological, entomological and environmental settings are explored.

Keywords:   symbiosis, holobiont, microbiota, Wolbachia, vector diseases, vector control

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