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The Handbook of European Defence Policies and Armed Forces$
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Hugo Meijer and Marco Wyss

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198790501

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198790501.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 29 November 2021



(p.642) 37 Intelligence
The Handbook of European Defence Policies and Armed Forces

Mark Phythian

Oxford University Press

This chapter considers national-level responses to the security challenges set out in Part III with regard to intelligence, with a particular focus on the transformative impact of transnational terrorism on national intelligence missions and structures. It goes on to discuss intelligence cooperation between European states and the implications of developments here for national oversight and accountability arrangements. The question of US–European tensions over post-9/11 intelligence-gathering, some a consequence of the information leaked by former US National Security Agency employee Edward Snowden, is assessed. Finally, the chapter considers the question of the extent to which the European Union has become an intelligence actor in its own right and the possible obstacles to it further developing such a role.

Keywords:   intelligence, national security, terrorism, intelligence cooperation, European Union, oversight, accountability, Edward Snowden

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