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Diploma DemocracyThe Rise of Political Meritocracy$
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Mark Bovens and Anchrit Wille

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198790631

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198790631.001.0001

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The Education Gap in Political Participation

The Education Gap in Political Participation

(p.65) 5 The Education Gap in Political Participation
Diploma Democracy

Mark Bovens

Anchrit Wille

Oxford University Press

With the help of social survey data, we investigate educational differences in political participation. We look at a range of political activities: spectator activities, voting, membership of political parties, and non-electoral activities, such as signing petitions and joining demonstrations, boycotts and buycotts. Also, we investigate new forms of political engagement, such as internet activism and participation in deliberative settings. Educational differences are manifest in almost all forms of political activity. But for some forms, especially the newer ones, the gap is larger than for others. The well-educated are not only over-represented in numbers; they also are more active, on average, than those with lesser educational qualifications. The more demanding the act of participation is, the more likely it is it will be disproportionately engaged in by higher educated citizens.

Keywords:   spectator politics, voting, non-electoral activities, internet activism, deliberative settings, party membership

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