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The Intellectual Struggle for FlorenceHumanists and the Beginnings of the Medici Regime, 1420-1440$
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Arthur Field

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198791089

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198791089.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.date: 28 January 2022

The Political Collapse of the Oligarchic Regime, 1426–1434

The Political Collapse of the Oligarchic Regime, 1426–1434

(p.26) 2 The Political Collapse of the Oligarchic Regime, 1426–1434
The Intellectual Struggle for Florence

Arthur Field

Oxford University Press

The chapter contains an analysis of the speech of Rinaldo degli Albizzi at an oligarchic rally at the church of Santo Stefano in 1426 and discusses the debates over a new tax, the catasto, in 1422–7, Florence’s unsuccessful war to subject Lucca, from 1429 on, the oligarchic coup of 1433, and the Medici coup of 1434. It argues that the catasto, a capital tax, was an antipopular oligarchic initiative, an attempt to force the more economically thriving to contribute more toward financing Florentine wars. The chapter includes an overview of Florentine debates over who should be eligible for government office. It describes the oligarchic coup (the parlamento of 1433) and arrest and exile of Cosimo de’ Medici, then the triumphant return of the Medici (the parlamento of 1434) and the establishment of the Medici regime.

Keywords:   catasto, Cosimo de’ Medici, Medici regime, parlamento of 1433, parlamento of 1434, Rinaldo degli Albizzi

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