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The Intellectual Struggle for FlorenceHumanists and the Beginnings of the Medici Regime, 1420-1440$
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Arthur Field

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198791089

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198791089.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 06 December 2021

Leonardo Bruni and Civic Humanism

Leonardo Bruni and Civic Humanism

(p.127) 4 Leonardo Bruni and Civic Humanism
The Intellectual Struggle for Florence

Arthur Field

Oxford University Press

This chapter describes how Leonardo Bruni (1370–1444), early identified as a radical (as he describes himself in an early dialogue), came to endorse many traditional values, while enriching them with elements of classical antiquity. The chapter contains an analysis of civic humanism and attempts to explain why Bruni came to be estranged from all the major Medicean humanists— Niccolò Niccoli, Carlo Marsuppini, Ambrogio Traversari, and finally Poggio. Also examined is the complicated question of Bruni’s relationship with the Medici after the latter came to power in 1434. Against most recent scholarship, it argues that Bruni retained an earlier endorsement of oligarchy and tradition and either opposed the Medici regime (the evidence here is complicated) or went into a state of intellectual isolation.

Keywords:   civic humanism, Medici, Leonardo Bruni, Niccolò Niccoli, Carlo Marsuppini, Ambrogio Traversari, Poggio

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