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Voters and Voting in ContextMultiple Contexts and the Heterogeneous German Electorate$
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Harald Schoen, Sigrid Roßteutscher, Rüdiger Schmitt-Beck, Bernhard Weßels, and Christof Wolf

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198792130

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198792130.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 07 May 2021

Not Second-Order, but Still Second-Rate? Patterns of Electoral Behavior in German State Elections

Not Second-Order, but Still Second-Rate? Patterns of Electoral Behavior in German State Elections

Chapter:
(p.167) 9 Not Second-Order, but Still Second-Rate? Patterns of Electoral Behavior in German State Elections
Source:
Voters and Voting in Context
Author(s):

Heiko Giebler

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198792130.003.0009

Looking at differences in electoral outcome in first- and second-order elections, there is only scant evidence that the second-order approach holds when translated to and tested on the micro level. We present a more nuanced framework that distinguishes between direct and indirect contextual effects as implicit elements of the original second-order approach. Applying our framework to Länder and federal elections in Germany, we show that electoral behavior does not differ—there is no direct effect of the second-order arena. However, the analysis makes a strong case for an indirect effect that refers to the importance of first-order factors for their second-order counterparts. The first-order arena strongly influences individuals’ perceptions of the second-order arena and this indeed speaks in favor of a substantively revised second-order approach.

Keywords:   second-order elections, party choice, regional elections, vote functions, contextual effects

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