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Transitive Nouns and AdjectivesEvidence from Early Indo-Aryan$
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John J. Lowe

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198793571

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198793571.001.0001

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Typological and theoretical implications

Typological and theoretical implications

(p.285) 7 Typological and theoretical implications
Transitive Nouns and Adjectives

John J. Lowe

Oxford University Press

This chapter briefly considers the evidence for transitive nouns and adjectives in early Indo-Aryan in both a typological and a theoretical perspective. The fact that most transitive nouns and adjectives in early Indo-Aryan fall under the traditional heading of ‘agent nouns’ (subject-oriented formations) is typologically notable, since while action nouns with verbal government are well-known, the possibility of relatively verbal agent nouns has not always been acknowledged. The theoretical analysis is framed within Lexical-Functional Grammar, and makes use of the concept of ‘mixed’ categories to effect a clear formalization of transitive nouns and adjectives which captures their transitivity while allowing them to remain fundamentally nouns and adjectives in categorial terms.

Keywords:   typology, agent noun, action noun, Lexical-Functional Grammar, syntactic category

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