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Enactivist InterventionsRethinking the Mind$
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Shaun Gallagher

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198794325

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198794325.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 23 September 2021

Perception without Inferences

Perception without Inferences

(p.107) 6 Perception without Inferences
Enactivist Interventions

Shaun Gallagher

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines inference models of perception, including predictive coding models, and offers an enactivist alternative. It explores how the enactivist approach can respond to issues related to cognitive penetration and the effects of culture on perception. The enactivist view appeals to an account of the co-variant coupling of brain–body–environment, structured by the physical aspects of neuronal processes, bodily movements, affects, anatomy and function, and environmental regularities. Changes in any of these factors mean that perception changes. Processes involved in neural plasticity (where the brain is ‘set up to be set off’), and metaplasticity, where material and cultural practices define environmental regularities, mitigate the need to think that subpersonal perceptual processes are inferential.

Keywords:   inference, cognitive penetration, cultural penetration, plasticity, free-energy, autopoiesis

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