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Rules without RightsLand, Labor, and Private Authority in the Global Economy$
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Tim Bartley

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198794332

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198794332.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 29 November 2021

Purity and Danger

Purity and Danger

The Dilemmas of Sustainable Timber in Indonesia

(p.79) 3 Purity and Danger
Rules without Rights

Tim Bartley

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the project to certify sustainable forestry in Indonesia. Although the field of forest certification was created in large part to counteract deforestation in Southeast Asia, the growth of Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) certification in Indonesia proved to be quite slow and contentious. Companies that did get certified often struggled to reform destructive logging practices and tense relationships with communities. This chapter asks why forest certification was underdeveloped and what kinds of reforms it brought about. Drawing on interviews with practitioners and documentary evidence, the chapter shows how certification was impeded not only by convoluted market linkages but also by democratization and domestic governance of land. As indigenous communities pressed their claims to customary land rights, companies seeking FSC certification struck new bargains, but most often these amounted to shallow solutions to deep problems.

Keywords:   Indonesia, forestry, timber, Forest Stewardship Council, Lembaga Ekolabel Indonesia, decentralization, indigenous communities, NGOs, customary rights, illegal logging

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