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Advancing Human DevelopmentTheory and Practice$
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Frances Stewart, Gustav Ranis, and Emma Samman

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198794455

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198794455.001.0001

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Successful Transition Towards a Virtuous Cycle of Human Development and Economic Growth

Successful Transition Towards a Virtuous Cycle of Human Development and Economic Growth

Country Studies

Chapter:
(p.94) 5 Successful Transition Towards a Virtuous Cycle of Human Development and Economic Growth
Source:
Advancing Human Development
Author(s):

Frances Stewart

Gustav Ranis

Emma Samman

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198794455.003.0005

This chapter provides studies of politics and policies in some of the good transition countries. Countries selected include Bangladesh, Nepal, Thailand, Ethiopia, Mozambique, Bolivia, and Peru. There was no single recipe for success in economic conditions or political structures. Government determination to advance the well-being of the population appeared to be a necessary condition, but this can be motivated in different ways: through left-wing ideology, identification with particular deprived groups, a desire to advance conflict-prevention, or the need to secure popular support for re-election. Some countries relied on the state to promote human development, but others depended on various social institutions. The chapter also provides a brief review of some negative transitions—countries which fell back from the virtuous category to a vicious one. A variety of circumstances accounted for this, including debt and stabilization, and political developments, such as invasion in the case of Iraq.

Keywords:   human development, democracy, growth, cycles of development, transitions, bureaucracy, communities

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