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The EU Treaties and the Charter of Fundamental RightsA Commentary$
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Manuel Kellerbauer, Marcus Klamert, and Jonathan Tomkin

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780198794561

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2021

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198794561.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 17 October 2021

Chapter 1 Workers

Chapter 1 Workers

Chapter 1 Workers
The EU Treaties and the Charter of Fundamental Rights

Denis Martin

Oxford University Press

In 1957, the authors of the Treaty only had economically active persons in mind when they expressed in what was then Article 3(c) EEC Treaty that for the purpose of establishing a ‘common market’, the activities of the Community shall include ‘the abolition, as between Member States, of obstacles to freedom of persons’. Those ‘persons’ were employed workers (now Article 45 TFEU) and the self-employed (now Article 49 TFEU). The EEC Treaty put the Council in charge ‘as soon as this Treaty enters into force’, to issue directives and adopt regulations with a view to ensuring freedom of movement. The first of those regulations was adopted in 1961.

Keywords:   economically active persons, non-discrimination, Union citizenship

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