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The EU Treaties and the Charter of Fundamental RightsA Commentary$
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Manuel Kellerbauer, Marcus Klamert, and Jonathan Tomkin

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780198794561

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2021

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198794561.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 25 October 2021

Article 45 TEU

Article 45 TEU

(p.290) Article 45 TEU
The EU Treaties and the Charter of Fundamental Rights

Thomas Ramopoulos

Oxford University Press

As already discussed, Articles 42(3) second subparagraph second sentence and 45 TEU provide for the establishment of a EDA. The EDA has been in existence since 2004. However, after the new TEU provisions entered into force, the Council in accordance with Article 45(2) second sentence TEU repealed the previous act establishing the EDA and adopted a new decision defining the statute, seat, and operational rules of the EDA. As an exception to the unanimity rule applicable to CSDP decisions, Article 45(2) second sentence TEU provides for the EDA Decision to be adopted by qualified majority.

Keywords:   European Defence Agency (EDA), tasks

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