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Radical RepublicanismRecovering the Tradition's Popular Heritage$
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Bruno Leipold, Karma Nabulsi, and Stuart White

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780198796725

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198796725.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 15 October 2021

Marx’s Social Republic

Marx’s Social Republic

Radical Republicanism and the Political Institutions of Socialism

(p.172) 8 Marx’s Social Republic
Radical Republicanism

Bruno Leipold

Oxford University Press

This chapter explores how Marx’s conception of the political institutions of socialism (the social republic) was inherited from the radical elements of the republican tradition. I explore three dimensions of this inheritance. First, I discuss his support for replacing the institutions of representative government with a form of popular delegacy, where representatives are constrained by imperative mandates, the right to recall, and short terms of office. Second, I explain why Marx criticized the separation of powers and preferred legislative supremacy over the executive. Third, I discuss Marx’s belief in the necessity of placing the state’s administrative and repressive functions under popular control, by transforming the standing army into a civic militia and making the bureaucracy elected, accountable, and deprofessionalized.

Keywords:   Karl Marx, republicanism, socialism, representative government, popular delegacy, separation of powers, civic militia, Paris Commune

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