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Playing with FireDeepened Financial Integration and Changing Vulnerabilities of the Global South$
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Yilmaz Akyüz

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198797173

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198797173.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 28 October 2020

Foreign Direct Investment

Foreign Direct Investment

Its Nature and Impact on Capital Formation and Balance-of-Payments

(p.169) 6 Foreign Direct Investment
Playing with Fire

Yilmaz Akyüz

Oxford University Press

Recent years have also seen increased openness of EDEs to foreign direct investment (FDI) in search for faster growth and greater stability. However, FDI is one of the most ambiguous and least understood concepts in international economics. Common debate is confounded by several myths regarding its nature and impact. It is often portrayed as a stable, cross-border flow of capital that adds to productive capacity and meets foreign exchange shortfalls. However, the reality is far more complex. FDI does not always involve inflows of financial or real capital. Greenfield investment, unlike mergers and acquisitions, makes a direct contribution to productive capacity, but can crowd out domestic investors. FDI can induce significant instability in currency and financial markets. Its immediate contribution to balance-of-payments may be positive, but its longer-term impact is often negative because of high-profit remittances and import contents.

Keywords:   FDI, cross-border flows, greenfield investment, mergers and acquisitions, crowding out, stability, balance-of-payments, import contents, profit remittances

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