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Secularization and Religious Innovation in the North Atlantic World - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Secularization and Religious Innovation in the North Atlantic World

David Hempton and Hugh McLeod


In the early twenty-first century a flood of books and newspaper articles discussed the apparent ‘God Gap’ between a more ‘religious’ America and a more ‘secular’ Europe. Many commentators pointed to the separation of church and state as a fundamental difference, claiming that it has enabled American Christians to be more innovative in their response to secularization. Scholars and journalists who disagreed on everything else agreed that there was a profound religious divide with roots deep in American and European history. Yet this assumption was seldom based on historical research. This is t ... More

Keywords: secularization, USA, Western Europe, religious movements, ‘God Gap’, Cold War, religious trajectories, church, state, money

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2017 Print ISBN-13: 9780198798071
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2017 DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198798071.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

David Hempton, editor
Dean of the Faculty of Divinity, Alonzo L. McDonald Family Professor of Evangelical Theological Studies, and John Lord O'Brian Professor of Divinity, Harvard Divinity School

Hugh McLeod, editor
Emeritus Professor of Church History, University of Birmingham

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Hugh McLeod

Part I Church, State, and Money

Part II Evangelicalism

Part III Born in America

6 Mormons and Materialism

Colleen McDannell

Part IV Gender

8 ‘Such a Renewal’

Tine Van Osselaer

Part V Popular Culture

Part VI World War, Cold War, and Post-War Revival

Part VII Catholicism in the Era of Vatican II

14 How Exceptional?

Leslie Woodcock Tentler

Part VIII The 1970s and After

15 Gospels of Growth

Kip Richardson

Part IX Conclusions

End Matter