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Computational Interaction$
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Antti Oulasvirta, Per Ola Kristensson, Xiaojun Bi, and Andrew Howes

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198799603

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198799603.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 27 October 2021

Economic Models of Interaction

Economic Models of Interaction

(p.311) 11 Economic Models of Interaction
Computational Interaction

Leif Azzopardi

Guido Zuccon

Oxford University Press

This chapter provides a tutorial on how economics can be used to model the interaction between users and systems. Economic theory provides an intuitive and natural way to model Human-Computer Interaction which enables the prediction and explanation of user behaviour. A central tenet of the approach is the utility maximisation paradigm where it is assumed that users seek to maximise their profit/benefit subject to budget and other constraints when interacting with a system. By using such models it is possible to reason about user behaviour and make predictions about how changes to the interface or the users interactions will affect performance and behaviour. In this chapter, we describe and develop several economic models relating to how users search for information. While the examples are specific to Information Seeking and Retrieval, the techniques employed can be applied more generally to other human-computer interaction scenarios. Therefore, the goal of this chapter is to provide an introduction and overview of how to build economic models of human-computer interaction that generate testable hypotheses regarding user behaviour which can be used to guide design and inform experimentation.

Keywords:   Economics, Information Retrieval and Seeking, Cost and Benefit, HCI

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