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Religion and ModernityAn International Comparison$
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Detlef Pollack and Gergely Rosta

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198801665

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198801665.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 28 October 2021

Macro- and Microsociological Explanations for Differences between Countries

Macro- and Microsociological Explanations for Differences between Countries

(p.391) 13 Macro- and Microsociological Explanations for Differences between Countries
Religion and Modernity

Detlef Pollack

Gergely Rosta

Oxford University Press

After the individual case studies presented in the previous chapters, the book now investigates whether the results of the individual case analyses can be generalized, which depends on whether they can also be confirmed against the background of a larger sample. A multilevel analysis involving a total of fifty-four countries was therefore carried out. Church attendance and belief in God, as well as indexes of individual and church religiosity, were used as dependent variables. The guiding set of questions developed in Chapter 3 was operationalized in the selection of the independent variables: the compatibility of religion with functional differentiation, the relationship between religion and differentiation between levels, and the relationship between religious vitality and religious plurality. One interesting result of the multilevel analysis was that belief in God that is part of church interaction is contextually more independent than belief in God that is not tied to the church.

Keywords:   multilevel analysis, religious praxis, religious belief, individualized religiosity, church religiosity, GDP, Gini-coefficient

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