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Religion and ModernityAn International Comparison$
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Detlef Pollack and Gergely Rosta

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198801665

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198801665.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 28 October 2021

Patterns and Determinants of Religious Change in the Modern Period

Patterns and Determinants of Religious Change in the Modern Period

Towards a Multi-Paradigmatic Theory

(p.412) 14 Patterns and Determinants of Religious Change in the Modern Period
Religion and Modernity

Detlef Pollack

Gergely Rosta

Oxford University Press

Chapter 14 does not design a general theory of religious change, but develops a multiple theoretical perspective including various theoretical elements, which are instrumental for explaining religious changes and which can be combined flexibly. In brief, they are: 1. Functional differentiation as a rule stands in a strained relationship to the integrational capacity of religious communities and churches. If, however, religious identities are linked with non-religious, for example, political, national, or economic interests, religion and church are strengthened. 2. Processes of individualization mostly have an erosive impact on religious ties. 3. In contrast to the assumptions of the market model, religious pluralism does not foster religious vitality, but actually inhibits it. In the case of conflict, though, religious diversity can fuel religious passions. Other determining factors such as government regulations of the religious sector, state spending on the welfare system, social inequality, immigration, and path dependency are also taken into account.

Keywords:   GDP per capita, functional differentiation, religious individualization, cultural diversity, state regulations of religion, welfare system, social inequality, immigration, conflict, path dependency

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