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Religion and ModernityAn International Comparison$
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Detlef Pollack and Gergely Rosta

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198801665

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198801665.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 17 October 2021

Key Questions and Methodological Preliminaries

Key Questions and Methodological Preliminaries

(p.50) 3 Key Questions and Methodological Preliminaries
Religion and Modernity

Detlef Pollack

Gergely Rosta

Oxford University Press

Chapter 3 outlines the key questions of the book and the methodology that the book uses to deal with these questions. The questions are as follows: 1. To what extent are functional differentiation and religion compatible? 2. How does vertical differentiation affect the religious landscape? 3. Does the increasing diversity of the religious have a positive or a negative effect on the vitality of religious communities, organizations and markets? Is there a connection here at all? Can we understand the effects of religious pluralization as the relativization of religious claims to validity? Or does the competition between different religious and ideological providers trigger particular efforts to preserve and expand customer bases? In its methodology, the book relies on special case studies and comparative analyses; it integrates studies from the social sciences and history; it uses statistics and representative survey data; and it includes archival research.

Keywords:   systems theory, individualization theory, economic market model, supply and demand, plausibility structure, religious diversity, case studies, international comparisons, survey research

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