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CommandsA Cross-Linguistic Typology$
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Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald and R. M. W. Dixon

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198803225

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198803225.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 23 October 2021

Imperatives and command strategies in Tayatuk (Morobe, PNG)

Imperatives and command strategies in Tayatuk (Morobe, PNG)

(p.206) 10 Imperatives and command strategies in Tayatuk (Morobe, PNG)

Valérie Guérin

Oxford University Press

Commands are pervasive in everyday conversations held in Tayatuk, a Finisterre language of the Morobe province in Papua New Guinea. Imperatives in Tayatuk usually order people around but also frequently express approval. The future and the non-final morphologies can also be recruited as command strategies to express, respectively, a command remote in time and space and an appeal. Formally, imperatives do not constitute a uniform paradigm. Canonical imperatives are expressed by the bare form of the verb (for 2sg) and with dedicated imperative morphology for 2pl and 2du. Non-canonical imperatives (for 1 and 3) borrow morphology from the irrealis paradigm. Negative imperatives form a defective paradigm of their own: a single inflection is used regardless of the person and numbers of the subject. The data suggest that imperatives and prohibitives in Tayatuk form separate clause types.

Keywords:   Papua New Guinea, Finisterre language, bare stem imperatives, dedicated imperative morphology, defective paradigm

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