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CommandsA Cross-Linguistic Typology$
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Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald and R. M. W. Dixon

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198803225

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198803225.001.0001

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The grammatical representation of commands and prohibitions in Aguaruna

The grammatical representation of commands and prohibitions in Aguaruna

(p.61) 3 The grammatical representation of commands and prohibitions in Aguaruna

Simon E. Overall

Oxford University Press

Aguaruna (Chicham) has a clear set of grammatical categories that are required for a verb to form part of an independent clause. These include aspect, tense, person, and mood. The formal marking of commands and prohibitions interacts with the tense and mood paradigms, and some of the imperative markers have clearly grammaticalized from the same source as a future tense marker. This chapter describes the formal markers of commands and prohibitions, their grammatical properties, and their extended functions in interaction. It also points out some formal features that commands and prohibitions share with interrogative and vocative marking, with the suggestion that such ‘addressee-oriented’ forms would be a fruitful area for future study.

Keywords:   commands, prohibitions, grammaticalization, Amazonian languages, tense, mood, Chicham, Jivaroan

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