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Negotiating TolerationDissent and the Hanoverian Succession, 1714-1760$
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Nigel Aston and Benjamin Bankurst

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780198804222

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198804222.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.date: 28 January 2022

The Hanoverian Succession and the Fragmentation of Scottish Protestantism

The Hanoverian Succession and the Fragmentation of Scottish Protestantism

(p.147) 7 The Hanoverian Succession and the Fragmentation of Scottish Protestantism
Negotiating Toleration

Alasdair Raffe

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the politics of Scottish Presbyterianism in the years surrounding George I’s accession. After assessing the fortunes of the Scottish Episcopalians, the chapter analyses the tensions among Presbyterians within, and on the fringes of, the established Church of Scotland. It first reconstructs the critique of the establishment articulated by the Hebronites and United Societies, Presbyterian groups that advocated partial or complete withdrawal from the Church. The chapter then shows how the controversy over the oath of abjuration, imposed on clergy in 1712, prompted the separation from the Church of two ministers in the Dumfries area. The ministers made a coherent case for separation and propagated a Presbyterian critique of the Hanoverian succession. Moreover, they set a precedent for future secessions from the Church of Scotland. The catastrophe of the Jacobite rising in 1715 weakened the Episcopalian cause, and thereafter Presbyterian Dissent became the main motor driving the further fragmentation of Scottish Protestantism.

Keywords:   Church of Scotland, Presbyterianism, Episcopacy, Jacobitism, Hanoverian succession

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