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An Editor's Guide to Writing and Publishing Science$
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Michael Hochberg

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780198804789

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198804789.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 27 November 2020

Peer Review

Peer Review

(p.153) 21 Peer Review
An Editor's Guide to Writing and Publishing Science

Michael Hochberg

Oxford University Press

The main objectives of peer review are to improve manuscript quality and advise the editor regarding acceptance. But peer review’s two defining characteristics—anonymity and altruism—are ill-suited to reliably fulfill its aims. Increases in manuscript submissions has led to a “tragedy of the reviewer commons,” whereby over-solicited reviewers put less effort into reviews or stop reviewing altogether. This chapter presents problems surrounding peer review, and approaches to slowing the tragedy.

Keywords:   Reviewers, anonymity, altruism, cascade reviews

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