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How Lives ChangePalanpur, India, and Development Economics$
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Himanshu, Peter Lanjouw, and Nicholas Stern

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198806509

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198806509.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 08 December 2021

Changing Activities, Changing Markets

Changing Activities, Changing Markets

Beyond Agriculture*

Chapter:
(p.238) 7 Changing Activities, Changing Markets
Source:
How Lives Change
Author(s):

Himanshu

Peter Lanjouw

Nicholas Stern

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198806509.003.0008

This chapter examines the expansion of non-farm activities in Palanpur and shows that most non-farm employment growth can be attributed to an increase in casual and self-employment opportunities, as opposed to regular, salaried jobs. The construction sector has been particularly significant in this sense. (Lack of) access to land is an important predictor of involvement in the non-farm sector, but, conversely, growth in this sector has influenced certain households’ access to land, via its impact on tenancy patterns. At the household level, caste affiliation plays an important role in determining access to specific jobs, while education appears, so far, to play only a muted role. The chapter shows that in Palanpur, contrary to many textbook analyses, migration has played only a modest role in governing the shift out of agriculture, but highlights the importance of commuting as a means of accessing non-farm jobs while continuing to reside in the village.

Keywords:   migration, commuting, education, caste, self-employment

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