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Skillful PerformanceEnacting Capabilities, Knowledge, Competence, and Expertise in Organizations$
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Jörgen Sandberg, Linda Rouleau, Ann Langley, and Haridimos Tsoukas

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198806639

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198806639.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 28 January 2021

On Expertise and Embodiment

On Expertise and Embodiment

Insights from Maurice Merleau-Ponty and Samuel Todes

(p.147) 7 On Expertise and Embodiment
Skillful Performance

Hubert L. Dreyfus

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the role of the body in the constitution and development of expertise. It begins by briefly presenting the five-stage model of expertise, developed by Dreyfus and Dreyfus. The main argument here is that we acquire our everyday coping skills in five stages, going through which we develop increasingly refined discriminations in our everyday experience. The chapter then seeks a better understanding of the role of embodiment in skill acquisition and, for this purpose, turns to phenomenological thinkers like Heidegger, Merlau-Ponty, and Todes. Heidegger has very little to say about embodiment, while Merlau-Ponty accords the body an important role in perceiving and dealing with the world. The phenomenological account is concluded with exploring the work of Todes, for whom the particular structure and capacities of the human body provide culturally invariant conditions for the intelligibility of human forms of life.

Keywords:   expertise, phenomenology, body, skills, Todes

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