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The Brain as a ToolA Neuroscientist's Account$
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Ray Guillery

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780198806738

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198806738.001.0001

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Relating the neural connections to actions and perceptions

Relating the neural connections to actions and perceptions

(p.161) Chapter 11 Relating the neural connections to actions and perceptions
The Brain as a Tool

Ray Guillery

Oxford University Press

So far, I have stressed the neural basis of the interactive view. In this chapter I discuss issues raised by Adrian. To what extent can we read the neural facts in terms of their implications for our conscious experiences? Neural events in the cerebral cortex lead to conscious events, including (but not limited to) perceptions of sensory events as well as perceptions of our own upcoming actions. The neural strength of a conscious event varies, increasing up the cortical hierarchy. Whereas the standard view may seem natural in terms of our own cognitive and behavioural experiences, and there are classical pathways to support the standard view, there are, in addition to the neural reasons considered in previous chapters, many non-neural reasons for questioning this view and taking an interactive view. I summarize these reasons briefly and then look at some of the many novel questions that are raised about the nervous system by the interactive view.

Keywords:   perceptions, grading consciousness, cortical cells, cortical areas, cortical learning

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