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Inequality and Inclusive Growth in Rich CountriesShared Challenges and Contrasting Fortunes$
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Brian Nolan

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198807032

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198807032.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 27 July 2021

The Driving Forces of Rising Inequality in Spain

The Driving Forces of Rising Inequality in Spain

Is There More to it than a Profound Worsening of Low-income Households’ Living Standards?

(p.250) 10 The Driving Forces of Rising Inequality in Spain
Inequality and Inclusive Growth in Rich Countries

Luis Ayala

Olga Cantó

Oxford University Press

This chapter describes the major changes in the Spanish economy over the period since the late 1970s and how these gave rise to the trends in inequality and household incomes it tracks. The substantial increases in real wages and incomes over the period, and how these differed over different sub-periods in the context of macroeconomic fluctuations, are emphasized. The changes in employment at individual and household level that took place alongside significant developments in the tax and transfer systems are brought out as major factors underpinning household income change. The contrast between the growth registered in the decades up to the economic Crisis and the severity of the recession it brought on is highlighted, and the extent of the impact of the recession on employment and household incomes is driven home.

Keywords:   inequality, living standards, convergence, reinforcing social safety net, boom and bust, economic Crisis, unemployment

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