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Inequality and Inclusive Growth in Rich CountriesShared Challenges and Contrasting Fortunes$
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Brian Nolan

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198807032

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198807032.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 18 September 2021

Belgium, a Poster Child for Inclusive Growth?

Belgium, a Poster Child for Inclusive Growth?

(p.75) 4 Belgium, a Poster Child for Inclusive Growth?
Inequality and Inclusive Growth in Rich Countries

Ive Marx

Gerlinde Verbist

Oxford University Press

This chapter sets out the key trends in inequality and in household incomes for Belgium. It teases out why Belgium has been relatively successful, compared with other rich countries, in maintaining reasonable if not dramatic growth in real incomes for the middle, while limiting increases in inequality. The key features which underpin these outcomes are examined in depth. These relate in particular to the wage-setting institutions for individual earnings, the evolution of labour-force participation and employment and what underpins this, and the redistributive structures of the tax and transfer systems and policies implemented in that respect. This analysis brings out the extent to which institutions and policies have been framed to serve the interests of the broadly defined middle class, while a substantial low-income group face particular challenges.

Keywords:   inequality, living standards, middle incomes, collective wage-setting, redistribution, family benefits, social spending

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