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Inequality and Inclusive Growth in Rich CountriesShared Challenges and Contrasting Fortunes$
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Brian Nolan

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780198807032

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198807032.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 01 August 2021

France

France

Rising Precariousness Supported by the Welfare State

Chapter:
(p.129) 6 France
Source:
Inequality and Inclusive Growth in Rich Countries
Author(s):

Philippe Askenazy

Bruno Palier

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780198807032.003.0006

This chapter describes France as apparently one of the few rich countries to have avoided a significant increase in income inequality in recent decades. However, stable average inequalities mask an asymmetric trend of income between age groups, the elderly improving their situation while the young see theirs worsening. Furthermore, it shows that behind this relatively still surface, a general trend of precarization of more and more ordinary workers is occurring. The importance of wage-setting processes and of regulation of the labour market is brought out, together with the way the tax and transfer systems have operated, in restraining the forces driving inequality upwards. Wage growth, while limited, has thus been reasonably uniform across the distribution and together with the redistributive system have kept household income inequality within bounds. However, in response to high unemployment both regulatory and tax–transfer systems have served to underpin the very rapid growth in precarious working over the last decade, representing a very serious challenge for policy.

Keywords:   inequality, living standards, labour-market regulation, extension of bargained wages, precarious employment, progressive taxation, inclusive growth

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