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Word Order and Parameter Change in RomanianA Comparative Romance Perspective$
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Alexandru Nicolae

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780198807360

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198807360.001.0001

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Diachronic features of Romanian in a broader comparative setting

Diachronic features of Romanian in a broader comparative setting

(p.217) 6 Diachronic features of Romanian in a broader comparative setting
Word Order and Parameter Change in Romanian

Alexandru Nicolae

Oxford University Press

Chapter 6 highlights the novel theoretical and empirical facts brought about by the word order changes that occurring in the passage from old to modern Romanian, showing how the diachrony of Romanian may contribute to a better understanding of the history of the Romance languages and of the Balkan Sprachbund, as well as to syntactic theory and syntactic change in general. One important dimension of diachronic variation and change is the height of nouns and verbs along their extended projections (lower vs higher V- and N-movement). The two perspectives from which language contact proves relevant in the diachronic development of word order in Romanian, language contact by means of translation and areal language contact, are discussed. The chapter also addresses the issue of surface analogy vs deep structural properties; once again, Romanian emerges as a Romance language in a Balkan suit, as Romance deep structural properties are instantiated by means of Balkan word order patterns.

Keywords:   Balkan Sprachbund, diachronic, language contact, N-raising, structural properties, surface analogy, V-raising

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